On the chewing surfaces of the back teeth are deep pits and grooves called “fissures”. These are so narrow that even toothbrush bristles or a stream of water cannot clean them. This means that bacteria can live in large quantities in these pits and fissures. As a result, tooth decay often begins here.
- A sealant is a resin material that is applied to the pits and fissures of back teeth.
- A sealant acts as a barrier, protecting the enamel from bacterial plaque in cavity prone areas.
- Children are much more susceptible to tooth decay than adults and should have their back teeth sealed as soon as the teeth grow in fully.
- Applying sealants is a quick, easy and painless procedure.c
Sealants are the latest aid for the prevention of tooth decay. Sealants together with
- Proper brushing and flossing
- Diet control
- Regular Biannual check-ups
- Fluoride application ………..Will help you to achieve decay-free teeth.
FAQ'S About Sealant
Q. What are fissure sealants ?
They are special materials used by us to seal off pits and fissures from the oral environment.
Q. How do they work ?
A sealant forms a barrier that protects pits and fissures against bacteria and fermentable foods like sugars and starches, and thereby helps to prevent decay from starting deep within these fissures.
Q. How effective are sealants ?
Many studies have shown that sealants are very effective in preventing decay in pits and fissures. Even early decay appears to stop when covered with a sealant because decay causing bacteria are unable to survive when cut off from their food supply.
Q. How are sealants applied ?
The application of a sealant is easy and painless. Generally No “drilling” is required. The tooth is properly cleaned, treated, dried, and the sealant applied. The sealant is then hardened and it forms a protective coating over the tooth.
Q. How long do they last ?
It requires biannual check up routinely , and generally it does last long. However Even if a sealant is damaged or lost, it is easily repaired or replaced.
Q. On which teeth are they most often applied?
Any tooth with pits and fissures — provided that the tooth has not been previously filled and is otherwise free of cavities. The most commonly treated teeth are Permanent molars and premolars.
Q. Why aren’t sealants used on all teeth?
Thorough brushing and flossing help remove food particles and plaque from smooth surfaces of teeth. Pits and fissures, however, are places that are extremely difficult to clean. Toothbrush bristles cannot reach all the way into the depressions and grooves to extract food and plaque. The normal flow of saliva, which helps clean food particles from other areas of the mouth, cannot “wash out” pits and fissures. This makes them places that are especially prone to decay. In fact, most cavities form in pit and fissure areas, and permanent molars are extremely susceptible to this form of decay. Sealants protect these vulnerable areas by “sealing out” plaque and food.
Q. When should sealants be put on the teeth ?
Sealants are most effective if used as soon as practical after the eruption of the tooth. Such early application, when necessary, assures that the pits and fissures are protected before the decay process begins.
Q. Sealants are just for kids, right?
The likelihood of developing pit and fissure decay begins early in life, so children and teenagers are obvious candidates, but adults, who have high Decay rate can benefit from sealants as well.
Q. What factors could make an adult a candiate for sealants?
The best way to determine the need for sealants is to evaluate the person’s risk for pit and fissure decay, which continues throughout adulthood and varies from one person to another. Risk can also vary for the same person over time, because changes in personal habits, health status and medication use are known to increase risk for decay. Lack of access to fluorides and fluoridated water, a history of previous decay, and chronic xerostomia (dry mouth) are also factors which we consider when evaluating you for sealants.
Q. Do sealants help save money?
Any time, Prevention is better than treatment. When one considers that properly applied and maintained sealants are extremely effective in preventing pit and fissure decay, sealants are a very cost-effective measure. Savings in both MONEY and discomfort can be gained by application of sealants, rather than allowing decay and requiring the tooth to be restored.
If you have any further questions about sealants, please ask us. Sealants are a proven technique that may be suitable for preventing decay. Our goal is to help preserve your smile throughout a lifetime, and sealants help make that possible.