A toothache is any pain or soreness within or around a tooth, indicating inflammation and possible infection. Generally a toothache happens if tooth decay penetrated the pulp chamber or is very close to it, which contains the nerves and tiny blood vessels. Ideally for a toothache is to undergo a dental treatment at once.
- Tooth ache is primarily caused by tooth decay
- Bacteria flourishes on sugar/starch in food particles inside mouth
- A sticky plaque is then formed on teeth surface
- The bacteria in the plaque produces acid
- This acid erodes the enamel or hard covering of the teeth
- This creates a cavity
- The first sign of tooth decay is tooth ache
- This occurs on eating something very cold/very hot/sweet
- Tooth ache can also be caused by injury/trauma
- Tooth ache can occur in children and adult
Pain in the tooth radiates to jaw, cheek, ear
- Pain while chewing
- Increased sensitivity to hot/cold things
- Swelling in the jaw
- Discharge/Bleeding from tooth or gums
- Use a floss to remove any particle lodged between teeth .Learn flossing from a dentist .
- Take a pain relieving tablet there are of over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers to cure toothaches that you can choose from. Most common are Paracetamol, Aspirin, and Acetaminophen. If you feel that a small swelling has occurred, you may take NSAID (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) for its inflammatory action, like Ibuprofen and Mefenamic Acid. However, those with a history of of ulcers and those pregnant women needs a doctor’s reccomendation when taking NSAID and Aspirin. Do not placeaspirin directly against the gums. This might lead to burning of gum tissue.
- Applying clove oil also might help.
- Home remedy: Ice is excellent in numbing nerve endings. Try to compress the affected area with ice. But if it aggravates the pain, discontinue it.
Consult a Doctor
- Tooth ache persists
- Fever occurs with the ache
- Difficulty in breathing occurs
- Difficulty in swallowing occurs
Severe Toothache needs an emergency treatment. A sharp, throbbing pain is usually irreversible, and the above remedies only relieves the pain, not cure it.
Maintaining proper oral hygiene is the key to preventing toothaches. The best way to prevent tooth decay is to brush at least twice a day, especially before going to bed.
- Brush teeth after every meal
- Visit your dentist twice a year.
- Avoid smoking as it worsens dental conditions.
- Eat a balanced meal with reduced starch/sugar content.