Do you ever wake up with an achy jaw or a headache, or notice popping or clicking in your jaw when you open and close your mouth? If so, you may be grinding your teeth at night. Teeth grinding, also known as bruxism, it is involuntary habitual grinding of the teeth, typically during sleep. It may be not become a serious dental problem, but in severe cases it can cause misalignment of teeth, which can promote gum disease.

Signs & symptoms

If you notice any of the following symptoms, you may be experiencing bruxism:

A grinding sound at night, which may disturb the sleep of someone who you share a room with
Jaw muscles that are tight or painful when you wake up in morning
Clicking sound while opening jaw
Damaged teeth ( worn out teeth edges), broken dental fillings
Headache mainly in morning when you get up.


People who grind their teeth may be unaware of the habit because it typically occurs while they sleep. Bruxism can have far-reaching effects on oral health, including tooth wear and the development of TMJ disorder. It is important to talk to your dentist if you think you are experiencing bruxism.

Risk factors

These factors increase your risk of bruxism:

    Stress. Increased anxiety or stress can lead to teeth grinding. So can anger and frustration.
    Age. Bruxism is common in young children, but it usually goes away by adulthood.
    Personality type. Having a personality type that's aggressive, competitive or hyperactive can increase your risk of bruxism.
    Medications and other substances. Bruxism may be an uncommon side effect of some psychiatric medications, such as certain antidepressants. Smoking, tobacco, drinking caffeinated beverages or alcohol may increase the risk of bruxism.
    Family members with bruxism. Sleep bruxism tends to occur in families. If your parents have bruxism, chances are that you may also do it.
    Other disorders. Bruxism can be associated with some mental health and medical disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, dementia, gastro esophageal reflux disorder (GERD), epilepsy, night terrors, sleep-related disorders such as sleep apnea, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).


Many adults don't grind or clench their teeth badly enough to require therapy. However, in some people, bruxism can be frequent and severe enough to lead to jaw disorders, headaches, damaged teeth and other problems. We may have to restore damaged teeth with fillings or crowns to maintain the proper shape and size of the teeth. The simplest solution to prevent effects of bruxism on teeth is to use a professionally made night guard, which prevents the teeth from scraping against each other


How do I know if I have bruxism?

Bruxism is characterised by few signs and symptoms. Kindly refer above

Is bruxism observed only during night?

While nighttime bruxism is typically characterized by teeth grinding, bruxism can also occur in during the day. Daytime bruxism is uncommon in the general population, but daytime clenching occurs in approximately 10% of the population. It is closely related to stress.

Is bruxism observed in children?

Bruxism is observed in children too, but mostly will eventually outgrow it. Few kids grind their teeth if they're in pain, whereas other children may do it as a way to relieve anxiety or stress. Teeth-clenching and grinding can also come from hyperactivity, stomach upset, cerebral palsy or even a reaction to common medications.