Types of Braces

Types of Braces Introduction

Ceramic braces? Traditional metal? Self-ligating brackets? What about Lingual braces? Or maybe invisalign aligners? These days, there are many choices available to adults & children, and it gets confusing! Which type of braces should you choose?

Don’t worry, we at Dr. Vora’s Dental Care provide all latest option available in braces treatment. Our Orthodontist Dr. Naman Vora will help you choose the right option according to your treatment need and budget.

The type of braces you get, can depends on a number of factors, following points you may consider while choosing the right one for you.

  1. The extent of your treatment, (time required for correction) depending upon severity of your bite or tooth crookedness.

  2. If you are adult, consider your work requirements like front desk, backend work, do you need to talk a lot? Do you face new client or customers etc.

  3. Are you available every month for tightening braces or you travel a lot? etc. for people who travel a lot aligners might be a better choice as it can be monitored every 3-6 months and does not require 4-6 weekly tightening like braces.

  4. How much you like to spend for getting beautiful smile i.e your budget.

  5. What you desire? Would you feel embarrassed in metal? Do you prefer the look of crystal / transparent braces or you want completely invisible lingual braces or Invisible aligners?

  6. If your teeth are very prone to decay so self-ligating or Speed braces is better choice as it attracts less plaque than traditional braces and is faster in treatment time due to less friction.

This section will try to answer some of your basic questions by presenting the pros and cons of each type of braces in detail.

Please remember, your final choice is a combination of your preferences and Orthodontist’s recommendation for your kind of problem!

Traditional metal braces are the most common type of braces and American and Japanese braces what we use are very small in size and more comfortable today than ever before. With metal braces also you have the option of adding colored elastics (rubber bands) for a more unique and colourful smile.


  1. Metal brackets tend to be the least expensive of all the types of braces.
  2. You can choose a darker ligature, which will not show curry, smoking, or black coffee stains.
  3. Self-ligating brackets do not contain rubber ligatures, so staining will never be a problem.
  4. They are comfortable, hygienic, and strong, rarely gets deformed. (Mind you they can come out on chewing hard & sticky stuff)
  5. Self-ligating brackets can complete treatment in a shorter time due to less friction.


  1. They are more visible than ceramic
  2. Very few individuals may be allergic to metal (especially nickel)

It is made of a high tech glass-like composite material. The newer variety in them the” crystalline” one are very strong and do not stain. Adults like to choose ceramic/ crystal because they “blend in” with the teeth and are less noticeable than metal. Most family and friends will not even notice your braces from a distance. Like metal braces, they are extremely comfortable to wear and very efficient at moving teeth.


  1. They blend in with most teeth. They are not very noticeable at a distance or in photos.
  2. Some people feel that they are more comfortable than metal and irritate gums less.
  3. Contrary to what you may have heard, crystalline braces do not usually break or come off your teeth. The newer korean and Japanese crystalline braces what we use are very strong, and stay on as well as metal brackets. (Mind you although they are strong, they can come out on chewing hard and sticky food stuff)


  1. Ceramic/ crystal brackets are usually more expensive than traditional metal brackets.
  2. The clear or white ligatures (little elastics that hold the arch wire to the brackets) can stain, which defeats aesthetics of the ceramic braces. But those can be colored and are changed at your monthly adjustment colourful braces.

We can put colourful elastics to both metal as well as ceramic/ crystal braces. This is just as a fun part of treatment, where children can get new colour or combination of different colours every time when they come for 4-6 weekly follow up. This keeps them motivated during treatment period. This doesn’t affect the treatment outcome or treatment fees.

Dr. Naman Vora has received Personal training from Dr. Hee Moon Kyung (South Korea) in 2009, who is the pioneer in Lingual orthodontics in world.

Dr. Naman Vora is also one of the earliest Lingual orthodontist in India who are Incognito (USA) certified.

Invisible Lingual Braces, the state-of-the-art design that offers an amazing technological advancement in orthodontic treatment, applied behind the teeth allow you to smile with confidence and are the truest Esthetic alternative to create a natural beautiful smile.


Other people can’t see the brackets unless they look inside your mouth. That is the main reason why patients choose to go for lingual braces.


  1. They tend to hurt your tongue and make it difficult to speak at first. The adaptation period is 2-3 weeks, unlike traditional braces which gets comfortable within 3-4 days.
  2. They are more expensive than traditional metal or ceramic braces.
  3. In some situations treatment can take a few months longer than traditional braces.
  4. If you have severe problems, or need certain types of special appliances, lingual treatment may not be applicable.
  5. Chewing has to be very careful as broken braces starts hurting tongue and makes eating and speaking very difficult.

Clear Aligners are an alternative to traditional braces and are designed to help guide teeth into their proper position. Similar to braces, clear aligners use a gradual force to control tooth movement, but without metal wires or brackets. The aligners are made of a strong plastic material and are fabricated to fit a person’s mouth. Series of aligners are made, each aligner moves the teeth a little by little to desired position and new aligner is worn after that. Each Aligners are worn for at least 20 hours a day to reach the desired maximum effectiveness. Each aligner is worn for 10-14 days before changing to the next one. The length of treatment with aligners depends upon the severity of each case. Typically, aligner treatment can be as short as 2-3 months or as long as 18-22 months.


Clear aligners are a great alternative for patients who want a straighter smile but do not want to wear traditional metal braces or for patients who have had orthodontic treatment in the past and want to make minor corrections to their smile. There are several advantages to using clear aligners:

  1. Clear aligners are removable so it is easier for you to brush and floss after meals.

  2. With Clear aligners, there are no food ristrictions, one can enjoy food while undergoing smile enhancement.

  3. Clear aligners are comfortable and less likely to irritate your gums and cheeks

  4. Clear aligners are suitable for patients , who do lots of travelling and cannot come to clinic often.(As in case of traditional braces which require tightening every 4 - 6 weeks)

FAQ's Regarding Aligner

  1. What is an aligner?

    An aligner is a custom made clear plastic tray also called clear aligners that fits over your teeth and corrects their malposition.

  2. How does it work?

    Each aligner moves teeth a little bit by exerting pressure on them.

  3. Can one aligner straighten my teeth?

    No but a series of aligners can. Each new aligner moves your teeth a little bit further and you will/can eventually have straight teeth.

  4. How many aligners are required to straighten my teeth?

    It depends on the severity of the problem. Our Orthodontist Dr. Naman Vora can tell you approximate number of aligners once he does initial check up

  5. Is there any age limit for aligner treatment?

    It’s an adult orthodontic treatment hence there is no upper age limit, the minimum age limit is 14 years, but you need to ask our Orthodontist for suitability

  6. Is aligner removable?

    Yes aligner is a removable appliance and you can eat, brush and floss your teeth and enjoy your normal life.

  7. Is aligner invisible?

    Yes aligners are nearly invisible and nobody can notice aligners from a distance when you are wearing them.

  8. Is aligner treatment painful?

    Aligners put precise and light forces on to teeth so it is not painful but a slight discomfort may be experienced at the beginning of treatment, which goes away within 1- 2 days.

    Aligners are made in medical grade plastic unlike metal wires braces, which may hurt your cheeks and lips.

  9. Is aligner a new appliance?

    No it’s not a new appliance. Millions of People have already been treated with aligners in developed countries like USA, UK, Middle East and other European countries since past 20 years and their number is increasing every day.

  10. How frequently do I need to visit you while using aligners?

    With aligners your visits are reduced significantly, as it eliminates hefty work of changing / tightening wires. Hence it’s very popular among adults who do lots of travelling for their business and still wants to get that perfect smile. It can also work for people who stay abroad and come to India every 6-12 months.

Damon Braces are a modern, discreet teeth straightening solution for young people and adults. An alternative to traditional braces the system is comprised of small brackets with clip which are fixed to teeth and linked by an ultra-thin metal wire.

Over a period of time Damon Braces apply friction-free pressure to reposition teeth into position. The braces are used to treat mild and certain severe orthodontic conditions. Damon Braces straighten crooked, protruding, irregular spaced and misaligned teeth within a short period of time (that’s why they are also called speed braces) and they are very easy to maintain clean.

The advanced, self-ligating mechanism of Damon Braces is free of metal and elastic ties to substantially reduce friction and also that makes maintaining hygiene easy. The gentler slide mechanism allows smooth movement that does not interfere with eating and speaking, the braces are more comfortable than traditional braces and there is none of the oral irritation associated with traditional systems.

During the consultation our specialist will explain exactly how the system works. Patients will initially have their oral condition assessed to ensure the Damon Braces is suitable. If not, an alternative method of tooth straightening can almost always be recommended.

Benefits of Damon Braces

Patients who choose Damon Braces experience a range of benefits, including added comfort due to the self-ligating mechanism of the braces. If individuals have previously been put off of having orthodontic treatment due to the stigma associated with this treatment, Damon Braces eliminate these worries and enable persons to receive the care they need without major pain and discomfort.

Damon Braces are easy to maintain for oral hygiene and care. The hygienic design of the brace reduces the likelihood of plaque build-up and averts the problems of tooth decay and gum disease. Dentists provide guidelines on how best to care for Damon Braces, such as brushing after meals to remove any trapped foods.

Although not entirely invisible the braces are elegantly designed to be discreet. Their design preserves self-image and doesn’t detract from natural beauty. Those with concerns about the stigma of traditional metal braces can rest assured that Damon clear Braces will provide a modern take on teeth straightening. The advanced orthodontic technology, materials and techniques used in making Damon Braces allows for a shorter treatment time than traditional brace systems. The braces may be more costly than because of this level of improvement, but their effectiveness and discretion makes this an ideal choice for many people.

What is the cost of treatment?

The cost of treatment depends on many factors such as the type of braces you select, complexity of the treatment plan and severity of the malocclusion. Hence once our Orthodontist Dr. Naman Vora does the initial first consultation with you, he can suggest the best Braces option available according to your budget and need.

What is the payment schedule?

Generally Braces treatment allows gradual payment of the agreed treatment fee over the duration of treatment in 2-3 installments. We will discuss the terms clearly with you before starting treatment.

Is extraction of teeth needed in brace treatment?

Most patients hold the idea that extraction of teeth are necessary in orthodontic treatment. With proper diagnosis and setting of treatment goals, correct timing and sequencing of treatment, proper application and control of the orthodontic appliances, extractions can be avoided in more than two-thirds of the patients.

For adults, we try to avoid extraction of permanent teeth if possible. Extractions of teeth are recommended only in severe cases for achieving a natural and harmonious profile of the face and smile is the primary objective.

Will it be very painful?

The pain from wearing braces has been exaggerated. The placement of braces is painless but once the pressure from the braces sets in, there may be some discomfort in the first few days. With the use of more “patient friendly” tooth-moving wires such as the titanium wires, the level of discomfort has been significantly reduced in recent times.

Most patients reported the discomfort as mainly due to a mild ache or tenderness of teeth during chewing. We generally prescribe mild analgesics (painkillers) and ointment (for rashes), which is sufficient to overcome discomfort in first few days. However 80-90% of our patients have reported, that they did not require any medications during the whole treatment time.

A healthy set of teeth and a great smile for the rest of your life will more than justify the short period of time invested. So Go Ahead-Take the first step.

The answer to your individual problems can come only after a consultation with the orthodontist. The most difficult step is the first step in seeking treatment. This first step is to seek a professional opinion about your condition.

You can call on to +91 22 2567 8000 /01 to book an appointment with our Braces Specialist Dr. Naman Vora.